Multiple Sclerosis and Nature Cure and Symptoms

in Multiple-sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, a chronic disease of the central nervous system with an unpredictable, often with a progressive course. In multiple sclerosis, affects brain, optic nerves, spinal cord, this leads to disruption of the body functions. The disease is characterized by the formation of randomly scattered foci of demyelization - loss of myelin, a white fatty substance that covers the axons (nerve fibers).

About the disease were not known until 1835, when a French physician Jean Cruelled described the first case. Two years later, in the UK on him said Robert Cars well. By the mid-19th century. Already had information about the significant number of cases, and in 1868 the French neurologist Jean Charcot summarized pathological signs of multiple sclerosis and has developed its diagnostic criteria.

Multiple sclerosis usually begins in youth, but can occur at any period of 15 to 60 years. Women are more susceptible than men. The highest incidence - among Caucasians living in temperate climates. The disease is not inherited. In the United States suffer from multiple sclerosis for at least 300 thousand people. In the list of causes of total disability in the productive period of life, multiple sclerosis is the third largest - after injuries and rheumatic diseases.

Cause

Multiple sclerosis is unknown. It is believed that the disease may be associated with a viral infection carried over into early childhood, and autoimmune processes in the central nervous system. During the exacerbation of acute inflammatory foci arise from swelling of the myelin sheath. After a few weeks or months, local inflammation and swelling subside, leaving multiple scars or lesions, called plaques. At the same axons usually remain intact. This flow process explains why patients sometimes observed a partial or almost complete recovery. However, if the old defeat by adding a new neighborhood, the recovery will be a less than comprehensive.

Symptoms and flow.

Almost 40% of patients with multiple sclerosis observed movement disorders, such as muscle weakness, joint stiffness (spasticity), poor coordination. About as often there are sensory disturbances, including numbness or tingling in hands and feet. In 20% of visual impairment appear, such as blurred vision or double vision. Typical complaints of patients following (in order of decreasing frequency): breach of walking, loss of control over urination, fatigue, impaired sexual function. In some patients, as a result of many years of disease reduces intelligence.

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Multiple sclerosis is an unpredictable course. Sometimes it takes good quality, with exacerbations and remissions, but possibly abrupt or steady progression of the disease. In the first years of disease exacerbation is often replaced by spontaneous, ie, without any treatment, remission, making it difficult to assess the effectiveness of a drug. Average life expectancy from onset is about 35 years. Death usually occurs as a result of a urinary tract infection or infection of bedsores.

Treatment.

There is no single method of treatment or prevention, the effectiveness of which would be proved. During exacerbations of corticosteroid drugs are usually prescribed or adrenocorticotropic hormone, which is due to anti-inflammatory activity, reduces the duration of exacerbation, but did not affect the long-term outcome of the disease.

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Multiple Sclerosis and Nature Cure and Symptoms

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This article was published on 2011/12/30